Volume 32, Issue 4 (2022)                   IJAUP 2022, 32(4) | Back to browse issues page

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Ghanbaran A, Daloe Heydari M. Comparative Research Of The Amount Of Cooling And Heating Loads In Three Residential, Institutional, And Educational Occupancies. IJAUP 2022; 32 (4)
URL: http://ijaup.iust.ac.ir/article-1-706-en.html
1- School of Architecture and Urban Design, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran , ghanbaran@sru.ac.ir
2- School of Architecture and Urban Design, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
The demand for energy has increased all over the world, and the construction industry makes up a high percentage of energy consumption. Different design components, construction, and exploitation regarding the field of construction energy consumption and the drive towards sustainability have been taken into consideration; however, energy conservation with an emphasis on the user's behaviors has been ignored. The purpose of this research is to provide a quantitative definition of the impact of behavior on energy consumption in three residential, institutional, and educational occupancies in one apartment through survey and simulation. In this research, by allocating three different occupancies to one building in Qom, the cooling and heating loads for each occupant have been compared in a one-year interval. First, the building modeling was carried out in Ecotet software and put in Energyplus software. Then by assuming a single building and describing three different patterns of using the space in Energyplus, the outcomes were compared. The results show that the reduction or increase in energy consumption in each occupancy was influenced by the number of users and the patterns of their activities or clothing. Reducing the duration of presence or changing the work hours in warm seasons of the year can significantly help reduce energy consumption in educational and institutional occupancies in hot and dry climates. The residential users' economic motives can be one of the reasons for reduced energy consumption in residential occupancies, compared to institutional occupancies.

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