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1- Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Dolatabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran , m_shafiei@sbu.ac.ir
2- Faculty of Architecture & Urbanism, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:  
One of the main goals of the resilient discourse in the recent urban design literature has been creating resilient places. Urban resilience is defined by the URFs (urban resilience features) for operation and realization in various fields. Due to continuous urban developments, there is a need to revise URFs with a place-based approach. URFs addressed in literature are so diverse that placing them into one single general list creates many contradictions and ambiguities. To reduce or eliminate inconsistencies in the definition of URFs and the qualitative performance of each URF in delivering urban resilience, this paper justifies the key factors for ordering and classifying URFs. In this study, a systematic review of the literature of urban resilience was performed in five stages using the Scopus databases within the 1973-February 2020 period. 16 URFs, using three guidelines based on the corresponding evaluation of place and resilience, were identified and classified into three groups: (1) the intrinsic (internal) characteristics of the constituent components of a resilient system, (2) the behavioral proxies (proactive/reactive) of a resilient system and (3) the resilience-reinforcing attributes of a system in relation to the external environment. This article can shed light on the proper definition of urban resilience and its operational URFs.
Type of Study: Review Paper | Subject: Urban Design

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