Volume 30, Issue 2 (12-2020)                   IJAUP 2020, 30(2): 198-211 | Back to browse issues page

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Arbabzadeh M, Etessam I, Mofidi Shemirani M. Passive Thermoregulation in Vernacular and Biomimetic Architecture in Hot and Arid Climate. IJAUP. 2020; 30 (2) :198-211
URL: http://ijaup.iust.ac.ir/article-1-590-en.html
1- Departmant of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Departmant of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , i.etessam@srbiau.ac.ir
3- School of Architecture and Urban Development, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1004 Views)
Disconnection with nature and history as a result of modernist approaches occurred in the early twentieth century has led to great consequences. Climate change, environmental problems and energy and resources crises have posed numerous challenges to contemporary architects across the globe. The present paper focuses on the issue of passive thermoregulation strategies in vernacular and biomimetic architecture - two approaches in architecture that connect architecture to nature and history -which can offer solutions for environmental crisis. The main objective of this study is to highlight the similarities and differences between vernacular and biomimetic architecture based on passive thermoregulation criterion. So the main question is: what are the common features of biomimetic and vernacular architecture in their use of passive thermoregulatory mechanisms. In this study, the comparative method is used to point out the similarities and differences that can be found between some case studies of vernacular and biomimetic architecture. First, some examples of biomimetic architecture are selected using desk studies and, then, their approach to heat regulation are analyzed using descriptive-analytical research methodology. The results show that while vernacular architecture has a static nature and is depended on low-tech and biomimetic architecture has a dynamic (kinetic), intelligence and interactive nature which relies on high-tech and new materials, their approaches to thermoregulation are similar in some ways. While different in form, they are both based on controlling solar radiation through shading, dissipating heat through convective and evaporative cooling systems, and using the sun as a renewable source of energy.
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