Volume 31, Issue 4 (2021)                   IJAUP 2021, 31(4) | Back to browse issues page

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Hamedani Golshan H, Motalebi G, Behzadfar M. The Relationship between Spatial Configuration and Social Interaction in Tehran Residential Areas: Bridging the Space Syntax Theory and Behavior Settings Theory. IJAUP 2021; 31 (4)
URL: http://ijaup.iust.ac.ir/article-1-539-en.html
1- Faculty of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , hgolshan@ut.ac.ir
2- Faculty of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3- Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
The main aim of the current paper is to shed light on space syntax theory and criticize its origins and fundamental thoughts.
In order to criticize the space syntax theory, this paper provides computational models of three residential layouts in the city of Tehran, Iran. The main question is how far space syntax theory is able to predict the movement and behavioral patterns of residents in a residential layout in Tehran. In other words, this research explores whether space syntax computational models can cover the behavioral patterns or there are gaps. The hypothesis is that although the configuration of settlements is the primary foundation to natural movements, it demands behavioral settings theory to interpret the behavioral-movement patterns. Comparing the Depth Map models with observations reveals that the configuration of residential layouts has a causal relation with the formation of spatial-physical structure. The integration analysis, based on the space syntax methodological–conceptual framework, is able to predict the general movement patterns of the residents. But when it comes to the behavioral patterns, the synomorphy between physics and behavior can perform a more accurate prediction. The behavioral settings theory by Roger Barker has developed the synomorphy in order to find the adaptations between physical environments and behaviors. The research findings nonetheless support the theoretical understanding that the urban environment’s spatial configuration provides a fundamental condition for the movement patterns but barely can offer a good interpretation for the micro-level behaviors by the residents.
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Urban Design

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