Volume 30, Issue 2 (12-2020)                   IJAUP 2020, 30(2): 222-235 | Back to browse issues page

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Varmaghani H, Soltanzadeh H. Analysis of lifestyle and Types of Rural Housing in the Historical Geography of Mazandaran (19th and 20th centuries). IJAUP. 2020; 30 (2) :222-235
URL: http://ijaup.iust.ac.ir/article-1-514-en.html
1- Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran , hosnavarmaghani@yahoo.com
2- Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (406 Views)
Understanding the historical background of societies and the various aspects of life that has evolved over time affects the architecture of rural housing today and itchr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))s an important factor in processing the answer to todaychr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))s needs. Considering the features of rural architecture and recognizing its features as the origins of the architectural tradition of any land, is one of the necessities and preservation is a fundamental principle. Therefore, this research has tried to collect various aspects of life and housing in rural settlements of Mazandaran in a historical survey based on library resources. Using the historical interpretation method, this paper examines the aspects of the relationship between different dimensions of life and the shaping and spatial structure of housing with the social, economic, and geographical factors of native societies. According to the findings of this analysis, effective variables can be identified and categorized. The results of the research show that geographical location, financial resources, location capability, geographical and social security and, finally, family structure are factors that affect the habitat patterns and vernacular houses in different areas of the villages of the region. These determine five species of mountainous, forest, plain, rural citadel, and rocky habitats. The impact of these factors on the three modes of fixed-dwelling, two-spatial and nomadism has been studied.

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Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Architectural History

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