Volume 29, Issue 1 (6-2019)                   IJAUP 2019, 29(1): 47-59 | Back to browse issues page

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Mahdi Nejad J, Azemati H, Sadeghi HabibAbad A. Investigating Sacred Architectural Values of Traditional Mosques Based on the Improvement of Spiritual Design Quality in the Architecture of Modern Mosques (Case Study: Traditional Mosques in Iran). IJAUP. 2019; 29 (1) :47-59
URL: http://ijaup.iust.ac.ir/article-1-474-en.html
Abstract:   (1450 Views)
In the history of Iranian architecture, mosques have always been the apex of Islamic art and architecture. The architecture of mosques seeks inspiration from the concepts of divine words to provide a space connecting the heavens and the material world and create a single spiritual environment. It is so important to identify the transcendental values of the past and choose the most essential values for considering the criteria adapted to the time and local conditions of today’s society. Seeking an applied purpose, this study has a qualitative and quantitative approach based on descriptive-survey research methodology. 16 valuable mosques of the traditional Iranian-Islamic architecture are initially investigated and their values and indicators are identified and confirmed by 8 experts to achieve architectural transcendence. The statistical population consists of architecture students of all technical faculties throughout Iran. 5 universities are selected through random cluster sampling and the sample size is 190 people; so that 175 questionnaires are approved by eliminating the incomplete questionnaires. The reliability of questionnaire is assessed in terms of content validity through a survey of experts and scholars and tests (calculation of the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the whole questionnaire and factors). At the end of study, 50 questionnaires are distributed among faculty members of 4 state universities in Iran as the control sample and the results of both statistical populations are analyzed. The collected data is analyzed by SPSS software and the results of hypotheses and strategies are presented both descriptively and inferentially at the end of research. According to the studies, 4 indicators prioritized as spiritual aesthetics, environment, facilities and regularity are detected, with each having other sub-indicators in priority order.
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Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Architectural History
Received: 2018/10/28 | Accepted: 2019/04/28 | Published: 2019/06/11

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