Volume 29, Issue 2 (12-2019)                   IJAUP 2019, 29(2): 269-275 | Back to browse issues page

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Aliyas Z. Fear of Crime and Individual Factors as Barriers to Leisure Walking in Neighborhoods. IJAUP. 2019; 29 (2) :269-275
URL: http://ijaup.iust.ac.ir/article-1-457-en.html
Abstract:   (387 Views)

Leisure walking is known as one of the most common type of physical activity that perform in purpose of recreation or health, which in turn may affect resident’s health. Built environment, social and individual factors are known as the main factors that affect decision to walk, in this regards, the study aimed to investigate the influence of personal and social factors that prevent residents to walk for recreation or exercise in their neighborhoods. Hence the fear of crime and personal barriers were examined in the current research as social and personal factors respectively.

To collect the required data, 500 questionnaires by using systematic sampling were distributed from March to May 2016 in four residential neighborhoods of Bandar Abbas in Iran out which 411 questionnaire turned out to be qualified to be used in the study. The Smart-PLS was used to analyze the data. The findings of the study revealed that personal and fear of crime both have significant influence on the level of recreation and exercise walking in the neighborhood areas. The finding of this study can help urban and health researcher to know the significant influence of fear of crime and individual attitudes on the level of leisure walking activity, in addition, the findings of the study suggest that urban planners and designers as well as public health promoters need to highly consider the contribution of neighborhoods' social environment variables as well as individual variables to promote walking behavior changes among adult population.

Full-Text [PDF 392 kb]   (133 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Urban Design
Received: 2018/06/25 | Accepted: 2020/01/4 | Published: 2020/02/17

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