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PhD in Architecture Department of Art and Architecture, Central Tehran Branch ,Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (380 Views)
Postmodernism is one of the polysemic and ambiguous terms that has attracted many researchers in different fields of knowledge, in the late 1960s. This article explains the intertextuality, as a critical means, to drive concepts and components of it In order to understand the hidden layers of meaning in postmodern pluralist ideology With respect to the Jencks concept of "postmodern", Variable thoughts of postmodern architecture has been read into two categories, Historicist and deconstruction as a text To be able us to classify and achieve inner layers of meaning in the postmodern architecture. In order to better understanding of historicists postmodern and deconstruction, we analyze three works from each categories trying to select effective examples among architects.
Intertextuality is a common term in contemporary literary criticism, meaning that a text is associated with previous and its contemporary texts, therefore, it should be read and defined with the help of other texts. Intertextual reading leads to a better and deeper understanding of the meaning of texts. The idea that we try to find a meaning embedded in a work when reading it, seems to be perfectly reasonable. For a better understanding of an architectural work, it is interpreted. If the effort to find meaning is satisfied with an assumption of independence of work, the result will not be complete. While, if a work read according to previous works, a better understanding of the meaning will be achieved. In the theory of intertextuality, the text considered without independent meaning and does not have clear boundaries and it does not clearly define it formed based on previous texts or its contemporaries. It seems that the application of intertextuality in the field of architecture criticism, actually the study of a work in connection with previous ones, can be resulted to a better study and analysis. The absence of this approach in architecture criticism is obvious.
The authors seek to answer the questions that they are:
1-How could we achieve the Intertextual relationship of Historicist postmodern architecture and Deconstruction?
2- How could we define Historicist postmodern architecture and Deconstruction in two diachronic and synchronic axis?
Results show that historicist postmodernism uses objective signifiers and it moves just in diachronic axis. This group only imitates past and its elements using humor and irony in their works. Due to lack of attention to synchronic axis, some parts of intertextuality missed that are including uncertainty of meaning and multilayered texts which are principles of intertextuality. While Deconstruction moves both in the diachronic and synchronic axis and unlike historicist ones, multi-meaning, multi-value and multi-layer features are seen in their works and they, actually, use both previous and contemporary texts. The method of Data analysis is based on the Causal comparison and rational analysis of authors. This article is a logic- reasoning research using reasoning to explain relationships and understand the components of a subjective system, after gathering information and understanding the theory of intertextuality we read and analyzed some outstanding works of the postmodernism in the two categories that mentioned above.
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Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Architecture
Received: 2017/08/12 | Accepted: 2018/01/16 | Published: 2018/02/28