Volume 19, Number 6 (IJAUP 2008)                   IJAUP 2008, 19(6): 9-20 | Back to browse issues page


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Mehdizadeh Saradj F. SEISMIC ISSUES IN THE DESIGN PROCESS THE ROLE OF ARCHITECT IN SEISMIC SAFETY ISSUES IN THE DESIGN PROCESS. IJAUP. 2008; 19 (6) :9-20
URL: http://ijaup.iust.ac.ir/article-1-2-en.html

Abstract:   (6886 Views)
When a specific building is examined and analysed for its architectural merits, it is the visible, superficial aspects, which are considered, for example: aesthetics, function, spatial relationships, and landscape. One of the most important invisible factors that should be considered in the design process is the safety of buildings against natural hazards, particularly against earthquakes. While the provision of earthquake resistance is accomplished through structural means, the architectural designs and decisions play a major role in determining the seismic performance of a building. In other words, the seismic design is a shared architectural and engineering responsibility, which stems from the physical relationship between architectural forms and structural systems. It is economic to incorporate earthquake resistance in the stage of design than to add it later in the structural calculation or strengthening after completion. In addition, a building with proper earthquake-proof design will be more effective against earthquakes than the one with complementary strengthening. This paper will demonstrate that evidence for this lies in many historical buildings, which have withstood earthquakes throughout the hundreds of years without having been reinforced with special material. The fact is that the master builder or Mimar (traditional architect) of historic buildings was simultaneously designing the architecture as well as choosing the suitable form, proportion, and material for the best structural performance.
     
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: General Architecture
Received: 2010/02/1

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