Volume 27, Issue 1 (6-2017)                   IJAUP 2017, 27(1): 53-63 | Back to browse issues page

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Shokouhi M. Legibility of the cities and the factors having impacts on it. IJAUP. 2017; 27 (1) :53-63
URL: http://ijaup.iust.ac.ir/article-1-264-en.html
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Art University of Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1460 Views)

How to design a city more legible is one of the main problems in urban design. To define the parameters that are crucial in designing legible cities is the main debate of this article. The research methodology was studying mental maps of the city dwellers and comparing the group image of the city with the pattern of continuity of salient elements and integration of the urban axes using Space Syntax theory. It was found out that to make a city more legible there should be continuity between salient elements of the city; between main integrators and visible fields of the landmarks, to form a coherent structure, or these elements should overlap to emphasize each other to make the city more legible. The relationship of these two elements in the city structure depends on the degree of irregularity of the layout and the presence of the rules of Gestalt of “good configuration". Each urban morphology according to its degree of irregularity and presence or absence of Gestalt rules can be categorized as organized, semi-organized and unorganized. The role of landmarks or visual clues according to the type of morphology differs from one type to another. To make a legible city, there should be a coincidence between the maps of main integrators to the landmark setting to emphasize the main structure of the city in regular settings (organized and semi organized structures). In irregular layouts, there should be continuity between pattern of visible fields of landmarks and main integrators of the city to form a coherent whole. The hierarchy of the urban axes in global and local level- most integrated and least integrated axes- will be followed by the hierarchy of the visual clues in global and local levels, which defines the nature of systems of reference in the structure of the city. The aim of the study presented by this article is to show how the interaction of landmarks and pathway configuration influence the legibility of the city and make the image group of the city.

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Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Urban Design
Received: 2015/10/11 | Accepted: 2017/06/13 | Published: 2017/06/20

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